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What You Need to Know About Kidney Cancer – Tampa Bay Radiation Oncology Blog

Receiving a kidney cancer diagnosis can be overwhelming, not only for patients but also for their families. Understanding the disease and its impact is crucial in providing support during this challenging time. This blog aims to provide comprehensive information about kidney cancer, including its causes, risk factors, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment options, prevention, and available support resources for patient families.

Understanding Kidney Cancer:

Kidney cancer, medically known as renal cell carcinoma (RCC), originates in the kidneys. These bean-shaped organs on either side of the spine play a vital role in filtering waste from the blood and producing urine. When cancer cells develop in the kidney tissue, they can form tumors and potentially spread to other parts of the body.

Causes and Risk Factors:

The exact causes of kidney cancer remain unknown, but certain factors can increase the risk of developing the disease. For example, smoking is a significant risk factor, as individuals who smoke are more likely to develop kidney cancer. Additionally, obesity, high blood pressure, a family history of kidney cancer, and certain genetic conditions, such as von Hippel-Lindau disease, can predispose individuals to kidney cancer.

Signs and Symptoms:

In the early stages, kidney cancer may not exhibit noticeable symptoms. However, as the disease progresses, common signs and symptoms may include blood in the urine (hematuria), pain or discomfort in the side or lower back, unexplained weight loss, fatigue and anemia, persistent fever, swelling in the legs or ankles, and high blood pressure.


Several tests are performed to diagnose kidney cancer. These include a physical examination, review of medical history, blood and urine tests, imaging tests such as CT scans, MRIs, or ultrasounds, and a biopsy to confirm the presence of cancer cells.

Treatment Options:

The choice of kidney cancer treatment depends on various factors, such as the stage and aggressiveness of the disease, overall health, and patient preferences. Surgery is a standard treatment option involving removing the affected kidney (nephrectomy) or performing a partial removal (nephron-sparing surgery). Additional treatment options include radiation therapy, targeted therapy, and immunotherapy.


While preventing kidney cancer is not always possible, adopting certain lifestyle habits can help reduce the risk. Encourage your loved ones to quit smoking if they are smokers, as it is the most effective step in reducing the risk of this disease. Maintaining a healthy weight through a balanced diet and regular exercise is essential, as obesity is a known risk factor. Controlling high blood pressure, staying hydrated, and consuming a nutritious diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins can also reduce the risk. Regular health check-ups and screenings are crucial for early detection.

Supporting Your Loved One:

As a family member, your support is crucial to your loved one’s journey with kidney cancer. Please educate yourself about the disease, treatments, and potential side effects to better understand their experience. Be a good listener, offer practical help with daily tasks, provide emotional support, and encourage self-care through healthy lifestyle habits.

Finding Support:

Numerous resources are available to support patient families dealing with kidney cancer. Cancer support organizations like the American Cancer Society provide information, support groups, and resources. Online communities and social media groups dedicated to kidney cancer can also be valuable sources of support and information.

By understanding kidney cancer and providing unwavering support, you can play a vital role in helping your loved one navigate their journey with strength and resilience.

Contact Tampa Bay Radiation Oncology today for more information about kidney cancer and treatment options. Tampa Bay Radiation Oncology has multiple facilities in the Tampa Bay area in Tampa and Brandon, FL.