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How Kidney Disease Can Impact Your Life Suddenly: Insights from Kidney Research UK

Kidney disease is a serious and potentially life-threatening condition that can have a sudden and profound impact on a person’s...

Regular exercise is essential for maintaining good physical and mental health. It has numerous benefits that can improve overall well-being...

The Texas Kidney Institute is a leading medical facility specializing in the diagnosis and treatment of kidney diseases. One of...

Regular exercise is essential for maintaining good physical and mental health. It has numerous benefits that can improve overall well-being...

Stuffed peppers are a delicious and versatile dish that can be enjoyed as a main course or a side dish....

Echocardiography is a non-invasive imaging technique that uses sound waves to create detailed images of the heart. It is commonly...

AQ’s Spotlight, a digital health company specializing in innovative solutions for chronic disease management, has recently been awarded the ADA...

St. Elizabeth Healthcare, a leading healthcare provider in the Greater Cincinnati area, has recently announced a partnership with HeartValveSurgery.com to...

Cryopyrin-Associated Periodic Syndrome (CAPS) is a rare autoinflammatory disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of fever, rash, joint pain, and other...

Regular exercise is essential for maintaining good physical and mental health. It has numerous benefits that can improve overall well-being...

Kidney transplantation is considered the best treatment option for patients with end-stage renal disease, offering improved quality of life and...

Regular exercise is essential for maintaining good physical and mental health. It has numerous benefits that can improve overall well-being...

The July 2024 Newsletter from the International Society of Nephrology (ISN) is focused on the theme of “Bridging the Gaps...

A recent study conducted in specialized hospitals in Northwest Ethiopia has shed light on the occurrence and factors predicting acute...

Digital pathology is a rapidly evolving field that is revolutionizing the way medical professionals diagnose and treat diseases. One of...

Regular exercise is essential for maintaining good physical and mental health. It has numerous benefits that can improve overall well-being...

Hypo Awareness Week is an annual campaign aimed at raising awareness about hypoglycemia, a potentially dangerous condition that can occur...

Regular exercise is essential for maintaining good physical and mental health. It has numerous benefits that can improve overall well-being...

Roche, a global leader in healthcare, has recently announced that its artificial intelligence-enabled continuous glucose monitoring solution has received CE...

Regular exercise is essential for maintaining good physical and mental health. It has numerous benefits that can improve overall well-being...

Colistin is a last-resort antibiotic used to treat multidrug-resistant bacterial infections, but its use is limited due to its potential...

Regular exercise is essential for maintaining good physical and mental health. It has numerous benefits that can improve overall well-being...

Regular exercise is essential for maintaining good physical and mental health. It has numerous benefits that can improve overall well-being...

Magnesium is an essential mineral that plays a crucial role in maintaining overall health, including the health of our kidneys....

Xenotransplantation, the process of transplanting organs or tissues from one species to another, has long been a topic of interest...

The kidneys play a crucial role in maintaining the body’s overall health by filtering waste and excess fluids from the...

A recent article in The Diabetes Times highlights the importance of new funding that is supporting research on the link...

Proper nutrition is essential for maintaining optimal health and well-being. The food we eat provides our bodies with the necessary...

IgA nephropathy, also known as Berger’s disease, is a common form of glomerulonephritis that affects the kidneys. It is characterized...

A Comprehensive Guide to Common and Serious Side Effects of Metformin

A Comprehensive Guide to Common and Serious Side Effects of Metformin

Metformin is a widely prescribed medication used to manage type 2 diabetes. It is an oral medication that helps control blood sugar levels by improving insulin sensitivity and reducing glucose production in the liver. While metformin is generally considered safe and effective, like any medication, it can have side effects. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the common and serious side effects of metformin.

Common Side Effects:

1. Gastrointestinal Issues: The most common side effects of metformin are related to the gastrointestinal system. These may include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, stomach pain, and a metallic taste in the mouth. These symptoms are usually mild and tend to improve over time. Taking the medication with food or starting with a lower dose can help reduce these side effects.

2. Loss of Appetite: Some individuals may experience a decrease in appetite while taking metformin. This can lead to weight loss, which may be desirable for those with type 2 diabetes who are overweight or obese. However, if the loss of appetite becomes severe or leads to unhealthy weight loss, it is important to consult a healthcare professional.

3. Vitamin B12 Deficiency: Long-term use of metformin has been associated with a decreased absorption of vitamin B12. Vitamin B12 is essential for nerve function and the production of red blood cells. A deficiency can lead to symptoms such as fatigue, weakness, numbness or tingling in the hands and feet, and memory problems. Regular monitoring of vitamin B12 levels and supplementation if necessary can help prevent deficiencies.

Serious Side Effects:

1. Lactic Acidosis: Although rare, lactic acidosis is a serious side effect that can occur with metformin use. It is a buildup of lactic acid in the blood, which can be life-threatening. Symptoms may include weakness, tiredness, muscle pain, difficulty breathing, stomach discomfort, and a slow or irregular heartbeat. Lactic acidosis is more likely to occur in individuals with kidney or liver problems, alcohol abuse, or those taking certain medications. If any of these symptoms occur, immediate medical attention is necessary.

2. Hypoglycemia: Metformin itself does not cause low blood sugar levels (hypoglycemia). However, when combined with other diabetes medications that can lower blood sugar, such as insulin or sulfonylureas, the risk of hypoglycemia increases. Symptoms of hypoglycemia include sweating, trembling, dizziness, confusion, and blurred vision. It is important to monitor blood sugar levels regularly and adjust medication doses accordingly to prevent hypoglycemia.

3. Allergic Reactions: Although rare, some individuals may experience allergic reactions to metformin. Signs of an allergic reaction include rash, itching, swelling (especially of the face, tongue, or throat), severe dizziness, and difficulty breathing. If any of these symptoms occur, immediate medical attention is necessary.

It is important to note that not everyone will experience these side effects, and many individuals tolerate metformin well. However, it is crucial to be aware of the potential side effects and to communicate any concerns or symptoms with a healthcare professional.

In conclusion, metformin is a commonly prescribed medication for managing type 2 diabetes. While it is generally safe and effective, it can have side effects. Common side effects include gastrointestinal issues, loss of appetite, and vitamin B12 deficiency. Serious side effects may include lactic acidosis, hypoglycemia, and allergic reactions. It is important to monitor for these side effects and seek medical attention if necessary. Always consult with a healthcare professional for personalized advice and guidance regarding metformin use.